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Invasive Species

An invasive species is a naturalized species that causes or is likely to cause economic or ecological/environmental harm or harm to human health. (Some indigenous species also have the same effect in disturbed areas and under some definitions are considered invasive as well).

Because it is impossible to determine whether species arrived naturally or were introduced by Amerindians, I define an introduced alien as any species which has arrived in Saint Lucia from the colonial period onwards.

A naturalized species is an introduced alien (non-native) species that spreads into the wild and whose reproduction in the wild is sufficient to maintain or increase its population.

Most of our naturalized species are found in areas which have been altered by human activities such as cultivation, animal husbandry, charcoaling, clearing for settlements and modification of drainage pattern. The rain forest reserve and the Pitons remain relatively free of naturalized species but the Pitons are now under threat by the rapid spread of two Commelinaceae (Callisia fragrans and Tradesacant zebrina, both garden ornamentals).

The list below is of species already invasive or could become so based on what has happened elsewhere in the world. However other exotics present in Saint Lucia could become invasive decades after becoming established.
(Many common grasses are also invasives but I have not listed them).


Ardisia elliptica
Bryophyllum pinnatum
Callisia fragrans
Chromolaena odorata - native invasive
Clidemia hirta - native invasive
Coccinia grandis
Cordia obliqua
Cryptostegia madagascariensis
Curcuma zanthorrhiza
Cympopogon citratus
Eichornes crassipes
Emilia praetermissa
Epipremnum pinnatum
Halophila stipulacea
Heliconia wagneriana
Hedychium coronarium
Lantana strigocamara
Leucaena leucocephala
Mikania micrantha - native invasive
Mimosa pigra
Nephrolepis brownii
Ochna jabotapita
Oeceoclades maculata
Pistia stratioides
Rubus rosifolius
Scaevola taccada 
Spathodea campanulata
Spathoglottis plicata
Syngonium podophyllum
Tradescantia spathacea
Tradescantia zebrina
Triphasia trifolia